Luxulyan Valley

Luxulyan Valley

  • Fascinating historical sites
  • Beautiful valley flora & fauna
  • Magnificent Viaduct

The Luxuylan Valley is breathtakingly beautiful, with steep granite boulder strewn slopes surrounding the River Par.

The Valley contains a large concentration of early 19th century industrial remains – unique to the South West, in that they represent the physical expression of one man’s project – that of Joseph Treffry (1782 – 1850). Copper mining was booming in the St Austell area during the 1800s, one of the deepest, richest and most important mines in Cornwall being Fowey Consols (1813 – 1868), which was worked by six steam engines and 17 waterwheels. Treffry linked his mine to his new port at Par in the late 1820s by a canal.

The construction of a tramway from the canal head through the valley to Luxulyan, via an inclined plane and his outstanding viaduct enabled Treffry to develop granite quarries in the valley. The tramway was subsequently extended to a second port at Newquay. The original tramway was extended to Par, replacing the canal, and was replaced by the Cornwall Minerals Railway in 1874, enabling the development of china-clay and china-stone works at the foot of the valley.

During the 19th century the valley became known as a beauty spot and is still seen as this today, there have been threats to this peaceful spot and so a group was formed, the Friends of Luxulyan Valley, paid staff and volunteers work tirelessly to keep this valley unspoilt. It became a designated part of a World Heritage site in 2006.

For places to stay in Cornwall, as a base from which to visit the Luxulyan Valley and the surrounding area, please see: Country House Hotels in Cornwall , Coastal Hotels in Cornwall , Spa Hotels in Cornwall , Bed & Breakfasts in Cornwall or Self-Catering Cottages in Cornwall

The thickly-wooded terrain of the Luxulyan Valley also played a major part in the early tin mining industry of Cornwall. The woods were important for making the charcoal that was needed in large quantities for smelting tin from the rich alluvial deposits on the moors to the northwest. Charcoal-burning platforms are therefore to be found close to nearby Prideaux Castle.

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